Every year, around 25,000 people die of colorectal cancer in Germany. Tens of thousands of new ones are newly ill, and the cancer is often discovered in stages where treatment can be complicated. However, regular prevention is only an important part of prevention, because because more and more young people are developing this type of cancer, common practices and personal lifestyles also need to be reconsidered.
Studies show that the age structure of those affected is changing
in Germany has a firm approach to the early detection of Colon cancer. From the age of 50, men and women can undergo regular stool tests. The most important measure in the field of Intestinal cancer screening, however, is colonoscopy. she in turn, patients are only available from the age of 55 as a cash benefit available and then only every ten years.
This Schedule is now questioned by many experts – and this seems to be right: in 2017, the National Cancer Institute published figures that that between 1974 and 2013, fewer Americans who were 55 years and older, had colorectal cancer. Younger patients were more often affected by this type of cancer during the same period.
In the meantime, studies have also been presented in other countries to support the increase in the number of young people with the disease. Young people between the ages of 20 and 29 are now apparently three times as often from bowel cancer as they used to. Accordingly, 2.3 out of 100,000 people are affected in this age group, up from 0.8 in 1990.
Risk factors for colorectal cancer
If such a shift in cases of illness is revealed, the question of causes and measures becomes a central part of research. It is clear that the development of colorectal cancer is a multifactorial event in which prevention must undoubtedly be holistic. Risk factors include:
- to smoke
- Alcohol consumption
- Consumption of red meat
- Consumption of processed meat
- Consumption of milk
- too low absorption of fiber
- and lack of exercise.
Only in February of this year, the German Cancer Research Center presented a major paper linking the development of bowel and breast cancer with cattle products. Also part of the discussion are changes in the microbiome, which is composed of various microorganisms and populates the large intestine.
Intestinal health: Lifestyle is important
When it comes to physical health, lifestyle is a particularly crucial factor. The intestine is no exception. In the microbiome, which can weigh up to two kilograms, there are bacteria with positive effects and those that are rather harmful to the intestine. Due to incorrect nutrition with many processed products, household sugar and animal foods, the composition shifts to a less health-promoting structure. Animal products are also criticized because they provide hardly any fiber to the human body. Consumption studies show time and again that mixed foods often do not reach the daily recommended amount of 30 grams of fiber. For vegetarians and vegans, the situation is quite different: their diet contains a lot of fiber, which can accelerate the intestinal passage, increase the stool volume and potentially reduce the influence of carcinogenic substances. In addition, plant-based foods provide numerous phytonutrients, some of which are said to have anti-cancer effects.
What preventive measures are recommended
Keeping your own gut healthy, sufficiently and strive for a predominantly plant-based diet, is undoubtedly a good idea when it comes to prevention in everyday life. The No alcohol or tobacco is advisable. In addition, however, there is also stress is a not to be underestimated size when it comes to diseases of civilization. Many people today are both professional and private pressure, which has negative consequences for their physical health. may have.
If you want to do something for your gut, you should his diet, lifestyles and stress management. under the microscope. In addition, intestinal remediation can help to to create a good basis for further measures and to create a healthy microbiome. Promote. It should not be forgotten, however, that these are only preventive options that reduce the risk of disease, but do not eliminate it altogether to be able to. Even purely vegan people who are also off-the-track a healthy life, do not enjoy 100% protection.
To what extent habits and diets impact on the development of cancer, studies and meta-analyses in the the future will certainly show in even more detail. In addition, it is likely to findings that show the increase in the number of cases in younger people Explain. Currently, it is recommended to prepare for a healthy lifestyle and not to lightly reduce the health of the intestines Take.